Inclusive Coaching

This inclusive hockey coaching resource had been produced to assist coaches to adapt their delivery methods to

best support participants of all abilities. Inclusive coaching should not be considered a separate coaching skill but a reflection of best practice.
Being inclusive means adapting and modifying coaching practices and activities to ensure that every participant – regardless of age, gender, ability level, disability or ethnic background – is included.
Coaching athletes with disabilities or those from various multi-cultural groups is no different to coaching any mixed group of athletes with varying abilities. To best support your participants it is important to have an awareness of different conditions, their ability to speak and understand English and how you can adapt your programs and activities to meet the different needs of all participants. Making small adaptions can often make a big difference in a participant’s enjoyment of an activity, especially if it increases their ability to successfully complete a task.
Working with athletes of all abilities may require additional volunteers to assist in delivering the program.

 HV recommends a ratio of 4 athletes to 1 coach. This ratio is a guide only and will depend on the individual athlete or group of athletes you are working with and their individual needs.Depending on their ability, some participants will need to be supported and communicated with in different ways. This resource is designed to help guide you as a coach on the best ways to communicate and provide tips on how you can adapt sessions to cater for all abilities. There are also additional facts sheets in the appendix for information about different disabilities/conditions. Athletes with a disability and those from different cultural backgrounds play hockey for the same reason as everyone else; social interaction and developing new friendships, health and fitness, for fun and to build positive self-esteem.

This inclusive hockey coaching resource has been split into two sections:
Section 1 – Information and communication tips for working with participants with different conditions/ disabilities/multi-cultural groups such as Indigenous and CALD , indicated on the activity cards with a Hockey stick and ball in the bottom right hand corner.
Section 2 – A practical activity guide with training activities and modified games, indicated on the activity cards with an image of a group of people.
The inclusive hockey coaching resource is also available online on the Hockey Victoria Website, where a number of other key resources and information can be found including, practical communication aids for coaches. There are a large number of disabilities not listed in this resource however the main conditions of those already engaged in hockey though the Access All Abilities programs or mainstream club hockey are listed. If you require any further assistance or would like to know more about Hockey Victoria’s work in the Inclusion and All Abilities space please head to the inclusion tab on the Hockey Victoria website.

Additional information can be sources from the following key inclusion organisations:

Scope –

Deaf Sport and Recreation Victoria –

Deaf Sports Australia –

Yooralla –

Spectrum Migrant resource centre –

Play by the Rules –

Disability Sport and Recreations –

Sport and Recreation Victoria –

The Australian Sports Commision –

VicHealth –